Laboratories

Treatment of the down cow

Prepartum period

Prepartum hypophosphatemia manifests between 15 to 20 days before calving.

Signs:
– The cow does not stand up
– Complete or incomplete paralysis of the hindlimbs or all four legs
– No muscle tremors
– No loss of appetite
– No coma

Treatmen:
100 ml of Fósforo 15-30 diluted into 400 ml of Power Shock by slow intravenous infusion, and 20 ml of Prevenfos by intramuscular or subcutaneous route.
Administer according to professional criteria.

Prepartum hypocalcemia manifests between 10 to 0 days before calving, with an incidence of 16% in parturient cows.

Signs:
– Difficulty to stand up on its own
– Difficulty in walking
– The cow stands up and falls
– If rushed, the cow falls
– Flanks and hindlimbs tremors
– Nervousness and excitability
– Inappetence
– No rumination activity

Treatment:
500 ml of Perfil Ca, by slow intravenous infusion. Afterwards administer 100 ml of Prevenrec by subcutaneous route, distributed in two or three injection sites; this dose can be repeated after 18 hours.
Administer according to professional criteria.

Signs: only diagnosed by palpation.

Treatment: 20 ml of Prevenrec by subcutaneous route and 10 ml of Dexametasona Burnet (dexamethasone) by intramuscular route.
Administer according to professional criteria.

Signs: only diagnosed by palpation.
Treatment: 1,000 ml of Calcischock by slow intravenous infusion and 2 ml of Biggland (prostaglandin F2alpha synthetic analogue) by intramuscular route.
Administer according to professional criteria.

Ketosis manifests 20 to 0 days before calving. Low incidence.

Signs:
– No rumination activity
– Depression
– Flanks tremors
– Lateral recumbency

Treatment: 1,000 ml of Calcischock and 10 ml of Dexametasona Burnet (dexamethasone) diluted into 400 ml of Power Shock, both by slow intravenous infusion.
Administer according to professional criteria.

Uterine torsion can occur during preparation for calving. Only diagnosed by palpation.

Signs:
– Dystocia
– Excruciating pain

Treatment: Cesarean section. Administer 30 ml of Cefalexina Burnet (cephalexin 20%) by intramuscular route, plus 10 ml of Dexametasona Burnet (dexamethasone) diluted into 400 ml of Power Shock and 1,000 ml of Calcischock by slow intravenous infusion.
Administer according to professional criteria.

Post-Partum period

Puerperal hypocalcemia occurs between delivery and 48 hours after calving.

Incidence: 85% of the periparturient cows.

Signs:
– Lateral recumbency
– Coma
– Hypothermia
– Difficulty to breath
– Moaning
– Dilated pupils
– Complete paralysis
– Sometimes sitting with the head reclined.

Treatmen: 1,000 ml of Calcischock  by slow intravenous infusion. Afterwards administer 100 ml of Prevenrec by subcutaneous route, distributed in two or three injection sites.
Repeat the treatment if, after 18 hours, there is no evidence of improvement in the clinical status of the animal.
Administer according to professional criteria.

Hypocalcemic tetany occurs between delivery and 48 hours after calving.

Signs:
– Great nervousness
– Drooling
– Frequent urination
– Uncontrolled movement of the ears
– Paralysis
– Severe respiratory distress
– If rushed, the cow falls
– General trembling once fallen
– Hyperthermia in severe cases

Treatment: 500 ml of Perfil Ca, by slow intravenous infusion. Then, to avoid a relapse, administer 100 ml of Prevenrec by subcutaneous or intramuscular route, distributed in two or three injection sites; this dose can be repeated after 18 hours.
Administer according to professional criteria.

Hypomagnesemic tetany begins 48 hours after calving, coinciding with the consumption of oats or winter pastures and cloudy wet weather.

Signs:
– Alertness
– Restlessness
– Bbundant salivation
– Constant eye movements
– Frequent urination
– Nervousness
– Severe respiratory distress
– Tachycardia
– Hyperthermia
– Sudden death frequently occurs

Treatment: 90 ml of Magneshock diluted into 400 ml of Power Shock by slow intravenous infusion. Then administer 10 ml of Magneshock by subcutaneous or intramuscular route.

Preventive treatment: 20 ml of Prevenmag by subcutaneous route.
Administer according to professional criteria.

The cow does not respond to classic mineral treatments with calcium.

Signs:
– Alertness
– Paralysis of the hindlimbs or all four legs
– Normothermia
– Normal urination
– The cow eats and drinks normally

Treatment: 100 ml of Fósforo 15-30 diluted into 400 ml of Power Shock slow intravenous infusion, and 20 ml of Prevenfos by intramuscular or subcutaneous route.
Administer according to professional criteria.

Post-partum clinical metritis manifests 48 hours after calving.

Signs:
– Abnormal mucopurulent fetid vaginal discharge
– Depression
– The cow walks hunched over

Treatment: 20 ml of Celaflexina Burnet (cephalexin 20%), 5 mg of  17 ß Estradiol Burnet and 20 ml of Prevenfos, by intramuscular route.
Repeat the 17 ß Estradiol Burnet dose for 3 consecutive days.
Administer according to professional criteria.

Septic mastitis manifests after calving. During this period, 80% of the gangrenous mastitis occur.

Signs:
– Severe and painful udder inflammation
– Abnormal fetid watery milk
– No milk production
– Very frequently it is associated with septic metritis

Treatment: 30 ml of Maxilina L.A. Inyectable (amoxicillin 15%) by intramuscular route or 1 bottle of Gentapen 50 (penicillin G 5,000,000 I.U., gentamicin). Repeat the treatment after 24 hours, plus 10 ml of Dexametasona Burnet (dexamethasone) by subcutaneous or intramuscular route.
Administer according to professional criteria.

Trauma to the obturator nerve occurs immediately after dystocic parturition.

Signs:
– Fetlock knuckling
– Great difficulty to walk while badly trembling and falling.

Treatment: 20 ml of Prevenfos by intramuscular route plus 10 ml of Dexametasona Burnet (dexamethasone) and 10 ml of Complejo “B” B1 B6 B12  diluted into 400 ml of Power Shock by slow intravenous infusion.
Administer according to professional criteria.

Ketosis occurs between 24 hours and 60 days after calving. Incidence: high-yielding dairy cows with weight loss.

Signs:
– Coma
– Depression
– Loss of appetite
– No rumination activity
– No milk production
– Abnormal breathing
– Acetone smell of breath
– Acidic urine
– Fetid stool

Treatment: 1,000 ml of Calcischock and 10 ml of Dexametasona Burnet (dexamethasone) diluted into 400 ml of Power Shock , both by slow intravenous infusion.
Administer according to professional criteria.

Postparturient hemoglobinuria occurs in the immediate postpartum.

Signs:
– Red urine
– Drop in milk production
– No fever
– Aphosphorosis

Treatment: 100 ml of Fósforo 15-30 diluted into 400 ml of Power Shock by slow intravenous infusion and 20 ml of Prevenfos by subcutaneous or intramuscular route.
Administer according to professional criteria.